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What are 3 Types of Dental Implants?
Posted on 12/19/2022 by Dr. Michael Allard
Dental implants are screwlike posts mostly made of metal securely attached to the jaw. The posts act as the tooth's root. The surgeon then uses a connector to connect the implants with an artificial tooth. The 3 most common dental implants used by dental surgeons are endosteal implants, subperiosteal implants, and zygomatic implants.
Endosteal implants are the most commonly used by dental surgeons. Blades, screws, or cylinders replace your tooth root and are mostly made of ceramic or titanium material. The surgeon will drill them into your jawbone so that they can hold the prosthetic teeth into position. They are most recommended for individuals who have a very healthy jaw. Endosteal implants have a higher success rate and a longer lifespan than other dental implants. They are also relatively easy to attach.
The subperiosteal implants are metal posts inserted on or above the jawbone. They are not drilled into your gum but instead stuck under your gum. The prosthetic teeth are then attached to the poles that originate from the gum. The implants are ideal for people with a weaker jawbone or individuals who don't want to undergo the intensive procedure of drilling the implants into their jawbone.
Zygomatic implants are not traditionally used by dental surgeons. They are suitable for replacing missing or damaged teeth on your upper jaw. If your surgeon finds that you don't qualify for the endosteal or subperiosteal implants, they can recommend the zygomatic implants.
The implants are attached to the cheekbone, also known as the zygomatic bone. The bone is robust and offers a suitable anchor for dental implants. The procedure is complicated and can only be recommended if you have severe bone loss. You can expect some complications with these types of implants, such as sinusitis or retraction of gum tissues.